Feta is a salted curd cheese made from either sheep’s milk, goat’s milk, or a blend. It is sold in many degrees of firmness, ranging from soft and crumbly to fairly hard. Its flavor varies from mild to sharp. Because it is cured (from a week to several months) and stored in its own salty whey or water brine, feta is often referred to as a “pickled cheese”.
Feta cheese does not have a rind or outer hard layer and is usually pressed into square or rectagular blocks. It dries out and sours quickly when removed from its brine; for that reason, blocks of packaged feta cheese are covered with brine, and should be stored, refrigerated, in the brine until used.
It may be used as an appetizer, side dish, and as an ingredient in salads, filled pies, and pastries. Its use in greek food is almost as imperative as the use of olive oil. Feta may be used in most recipes that call for cheese: vegetable and fruit salads, filled pies, as a topping for or ingredient in cooked rice and tomato-based pastas, as a filling for omelets, in sandwiches, and elsewhere.
Feta is also a very healthy product. Most people that are allergic to cow milk products or who are lactose intolerant
can eat feta. Feta is also rich in protein, calcium, phosphorus and vitamins (especially B12).
Feta in mythology
Feta has been a favorite cheese in Greece for many centuries. Homer’s “Odyssey” contains several references to cheese which may have been feta cheese. In Greek mythology, the Cyclops Polyphemus was perhaps the first feta cheese manufacturer: carrying the milk that he collected from his sheep in animal-skin bags, he discovered that, days later, the milk had become a solid, savory, and preservable mass – the first feta cheese? Another tale from Greek mythology credits Aristaeus, son of Apollo and Cyrene, with its discovery.
100 grams of Feta cheese contain:
- 250 kilocalories (kcal)
- 56,5 grams Water
- 20,2 grams Fat
- 15,6 grams Protein
- 360 mg Calcium (Ca)
- 0.4 mg Vitamin D
- 20 mg Magnesium (Mg)
- 280 mg Phosphorus (P)
- 1440 mg Sodium (Na)
The post was created by Akindynos Sarakis, student from the 3rd Gymnasium of Mytilene